Beuys, Joseph

Joseph Beuys (Krefeld, May 12, 1921 – Düsseldorf, January 23, 1986) was a German artist who worked with various media and techniques such as sculpture, performance, performance art, video and installation and belonged to the Fluxus group. [Edit] Life and work
Beuys claimed that fought as a pilot in World War II, crashed in Crimea and frozen to death, some rescued natives and bound with fat and felt to prevent his death. [Citation needed] In any case, both elements constantly appear in his work.
He worked as a university professor until he was expelled years later. His work of its time teacher, affects the relationship of education to the study of art, Beuys completely change the teaching approach that had so far.
From 1946 to 1951 he studied at the School of Fine Arts in Düsseldorf, where he later became professor of sculpture.
In 1962 he began work with Neo-Dada Fluxus movement, which became the most significant and famous member. His greatest achievement was the socialization that got to do art, bringing it to all audiences.
In How to explain pictures to a dead hare 1965 was honey and gold leaf on his head and spoke about his work to a dead hare in his arms. In this work, spatial and sculptural linked factors, language and sound to the figure of the artist, their body gestures, his consciousness as a receiver communicator who had an animal. Beuys assumed the role of shaman healing and saving power of a society that he considered dead.
In 1974 took place the action I Like America and America likes me where Beuys, a coyote and materials such as paper, felt and straw, were the vehicle of your creation. He lived three days with the coyote. U.S. newspapers piled symbol of capitalism in this country. Gradually the coyote and Beuys are getting used to each other and end Beuys embraced the coyote.
Beuys repeats many objects used in other works. Objects that differ from the ready-made by Marcel Duchamp poor and ephemeral nature, but by being part of Beuys’s own life that “has been there” after living with them and have let their mark. Many autobiographical relationship as honey or fat used by the Tartars who saved during World War II. In 1970 he also made his suit felt.
In 1979, the Guggenheim Museum in New York exhibited a retrospective of his work.


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